The EXODUS
Ancient Encampments
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Signs of the Exodus?

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 Is this the real Exodus route, as described by the Bible? There are many theories with different routes but all of the theories have some common placements as dictated in the Bible. The routes are all dependant on where the actual Mt. Sinai is. I’ve found evidence of ancient encampments in Israel, Lebanon and Syria. Could this be the exodus path in Palestine? The Google Earth images show the route established by mapping all of the encampments and what those encampments look like from an aerial view. Each encampment has the same architectural style which relates the very first one with the last one. This cannot be Bedouin encampments. I believe the Bedouin tribes took advantage of these pre-existing camps and this accounts for the present archeological record.

Deut 11:24 Every place whereon the sole of your foot shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness, and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the hinder sea shall be your border.

The Exodus Route?
 Google Earth has only been available to the public in the last few years. It is only by this technology that the overall picture can be created. It gives you the ability to zoom in and out and hover over areas. Planes or helicopters are constrained by physics and time. It is my intention to show some of the encampments from one end to the other. The viewer can see for themselves the consistency of the evidence and the actual path of the encampments. Archeologist have classified some of the encampments but are unable to capture the overall picture. Archeology has long been considered a good friend of the Hebrew Bible. Just as Heinrich Schliemann's discoveries proved that Homer's stories were not purely mythical, so archeological discoveries in Old Testament lands have been taken to demonstrate that the Bible is history rather than legend. Although for centuries textual critics have realized that the Old Testament represents the editing together of several texts produced at different times by different groups, until the 1970s most archeologists continued to accept its accounts at face value. Since virtually all were Christians or Jews with a strong commitment to the truth of the Bible, they interpreted their finds in light of scripture.

Overview video at Youtube

 

Overview in Google Earth
a sample of 15 sites
  Exodus path?
 

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But in the 1970s a new trend emerged as archeologists began to treat discoveries in the Holy Land as they would those anywhere else. Concentrating on Israel's ancient history itself, rather than solely on its biblical associations, they used artifacts, architecture, settlement patterns, animal bones, seeds, soil samples, anthropological models drawn from world cultures, and other modern methods to produce a description based on scientific evidence. The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts by Israel Finkelstein and Neil Asher Silberman. This seems to be the dominant view today. But this view is flawed.
Finkelstein's view along with his followers is presented in the levy ethnogensis Report. It captures the problems archeologist have with the present conquest model of Issraelites in Cannan. It presents some image shapes of the encampments and says there in no evidence beyond 1100 BC.
I believe he is wrong. Finkelstein has not seen the consistent overall picture throughout Israel to Syria. He also displays an attitude of trying to prove the Bible is not historical. It is encouraging to know this trend is
deteriorating.

Why does the encampments show a route closely resembling the traditional routes of the Exodus? I am still searching the Transjordan area for encampments. I have not found any of these encampments east of the Dead Sea? Did the Israelites go through Moab or did they circumvent it?  Why do these encampments follow closely to the land promised to the Israelites (Deut. 11:24). It is also interesting to see so many encampments together at the Negev desert south of  Beersheba. This is the same area known as Kadesh Barnea where the Israelites were condemned to wander for 40 years (
Num 14:33)  Is this coincidence? When Moses was called to Mount Nebo he came from the Plains of Moab, by the Jordan at Jericho (Deut. 34:1). How did he get there first? The Numbers Itinerary places the Israelites on the East of Mount Nebo (Num 33:46) and now he is coming from the West.

It's this Transjordan area which creates my greatest conflict. I want to believe the intermarry in scripture as accurate. However it isn't. There is confusion among the descriptions as stated in the Massoteric Text. J. Maxwell Miller's explanation of the writers lack of understanding in the area is the best description I've read. If this is true then is it possible the Israelites did not encamp on the East side? More than likely I just haven't found the evidence yet. Maybe these are the encampments of the 12 Tribes after the division of land. I have many questions. If you have any explanation I would appreciate your feedback.
 

 

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